G.R. No. 27454, April 30, 1970, 32 SCRA 547
On July 1963, Rosendo Chavez brought his typewriter to Fructuoso Gonzales a typewriter repairman for the cleaning and servicing of the said typewriter but the latter was not able to finish the job. During October 1963, the plaintiff gave the amount of P6.00 to the defendant which the latter asked from the plaintiff for the purchase of spare parts, because of the delay of the repair the plaintiff decided to recover the typewriter to the defendant which he wrapped it like a package. When the plaintiff reached their home he opened it and examined that some parts and screws was lost. That on October 29, 1963 the plaintiff sent a letter to the defendant for the return of the missing parts, the interior cover and the sum of P6.00 (Exhibit D). The following day, the defendant returned to the plaintiff some of the missing parts, the interior cover and the P6.00. The plaintiff brought his typewriter to Freixas Business Machines and the repair cost the amount of P89.85. He commenced this action on August 23, 1965 in the City Court of Manila, demanding from the defendant the payment of P90.00 as actual and compensatory damages, P100.00 for temperate damages, P500.00 for moral damages, and P500.00 as attorney’s fees. The defendant made no denials of the facts narrated above, except the claim of the plaintiff that the cost of the repair made by Freixas Business Machines be fully chargeable against him.
Whether or not the defendant is liable for the total cost of the repair made by Freixas Business Machines with the plaintiff typewriter?
No, he is not liable for the total cost of the repair made by Freixas Business Machines instead he is only liable for the cost of the missing parts and screws. The defendant contravened the tenor of his obligation in repairing the typewriter of the plaintiff that he fails to repair it and returned it with the missing parts.
Under Article 1167 of the Civil Code, a person who is obliged to do something and fails to do it shall be liable for the cost of executing the obligation in a proper manner. The cost of execution of the obligation to repair a typewriter is the cost of the labor or service expended in the repair of the typewriter. In addition, the obligor, under Article 1170 of the Code, is liable for the cost of the missing parts because in his obligation to repair the typewriter he is bound to return the typewriter in the same condition it was when he received it.
This same rule shall be observed if he does it in contravention of the tenor of the obligation. Furthermore it may be decreed that what has been poorly done he undone.”
* Case digest by Aisha Mie Faith Fernandez, LLB-1, Andres Bonifacio Law School, SY 2017-2018